Scotland’s National Transport Strategy Published

Posted by chdot on December 5, 2006

Full Publication (PDF) Selected extracts –

” This increased reliance on cars is mirrored by a reduction in other forms of transport such as walking and cycling. These forms of sustainable transport have been falling in recent years and as figure 2 shows now make a very small contribution to the overall journey. ”

” Importantly, we will also ensure that the mechanisms are in place for local authorities and RTPs to reduce the wider impacts of traffic on communities. As well as traffic stabilisation in badly affected areas, we should think about local traffic reduction. Where urban areas are congested, the only way to provide more space for sustainable transport modes is to take road space away from private cars, either permanently or on a ‘shift’ basis. Evidence from a number of European cities shows that this reallocation does not result in further traffic chaos – traffic that was previously in the vicinity ‘disappears’ or ‘evaporates’. As a result, the urban environment becomes more liveable. In these car free or car reduced spaces, pedestrians and cyclists enjoy a cleaner, quieter and safer environment – and bus users have a higher quality service.

Taking capacity away from the local private road user would be a major decision for authorities to
take. However, there is a wealth of experience which illustrates how successful such schemes can be, if undertaken in an incremental manner in close cooperation with the communities involved. One of the biggest challenges is meeting the concerns of retailers and small businesses. Case studies illustrate that these concerns can be managed and tend to prove unfounded. Successful European examples of traffic reduction schemes include Copenhagen, Cambridge, and Wolverhampton. ”

” Walking is the nearest activity to perfect exercise, most people can do it and it costs nothing. Yet between 1985/86 and 2003/04, the average distance travelled by foot has fallen by 30%. By
investing in better infrastructure links between community facilities such as health centres,
transport hubs and schools, we believe that cycling and walking as travel options are realistic
alternatives to using the car for journeys to work, school and for leisure purposes. ”

” Delivering carbon savings is a central feature of Scotland’s National Transport Strategy. Our vision outlines our desire to increase the proportion of short journeys made on foot and on bicycles which has the effect of reducing carbon emissions, improving air quality, reducing congestion, and contributing to the achievement of a healthier Scotland. ”

” Assessing planning applications according to the guidance should also prioritise access on foot, by bicycle, by public transport and lastly by car in order to encourage sustainable modes of transport. New housing developments, supermarkets and businesses should be designed to encourage walking or cycling over local networks to local facilities rather than making car trips the mode of choice. Explicit links should be made to railway stations, bus corridors and other transport interchanges to maximise the opportunity for use of public transport. There is also a regime of maximum parking standards now established to constrain car trips at destinations. These requirements can have a significant impact on the amount of physical activity that individuals undertake, encouraging them to walk and cycle where possible and planning these activities into the early stages of the design work, leading ultimately to improved health. ”

” SMART measures are about encouraging travellers to use alternative, more sustainable modes of
travel, raising awareness about the need to travel and providing alternative solutions to single
occupancy car use for journeys. These measures typically include travel plans, public transport
information, travel awareness campaigns, travel to school campaigns, car clubs, car sharing
schemes, cycling and walking, car free housing zones and teleworking. These measures are targeted at encouraging people to change their behaviour. Public awareness campaigns are key to this. ”

” Evidence Base:
A number of pieces of research have considered the potential impacts on the
environment of modal shift to cycling and walking. The findings vary, with one analysis finding that if 20% of car trips of less than 5 miles were replaced by cycling/walking, there could be a fall of approximately 4.8% in car emissions. However, other research has been less optimistic, finding that actions to encourage transfer from cars to walking and cycling could reduce the distance travelled by car by about 0.3% for walking and 0.4% for cycling, which would result in only around a 1% reduction in carbon emissions. This equates to around 30kT of carbon in Scotland. “

” To demonstrate our commitment to SMART measures, we intend to investigate a further integrated package of measures. These could include:

    • Supporting travel awareness and marketing campaigns at a local level to promote SMART
    measures on all journeys, focusing especially on the commute to work, where currently two
    thirds of commuters travel by car, and other journeys under 5 miles.
    • Funding, with LAs, RTPs and other key stakeholders, sustainable travel demonstration towns
    and villages across Scotland to reduce car use and promote cycling, walking, home zones,
    tele-working and pedestrianisation to test different approaches and share best practice. “

” The Scottish Government has funded improvements for cycling and walking over a number of
years. Currently we provide funding to:

    • Cycling Scotland to raise the profile of cycling and encourage local authorities to develop
    cycling strategies as part of their Local Transport Strategies;
    • Local authorities for developing cycling projects through Cycling, Walking and Safer Streets
    allocations and for School Travel Co-ordinator (STC) posts; and
    • Sustrans to develop the National Cycle Network and improve links to schools, hospitals and the
    wider community. £9.5m has been provided to date and £8m over the next 2 years.

” We recognise the important role that promoting cycling and walking can have both in reducing
emissions, improving air quality and contributing to improved health by increasing physical activity levels. Within the Scottish Government itself, we have created a Sustainable Transport Team, bringing together for the first time, policy on cycling and walking with our wider sustainable transport agenda. We aim to further increase funding for cycling and walking overall and will place more emphasis on the promotion of them as sustainable forms of transport especially for short journeys – focusing on the safety, quality and location of routes, secure and practical facilities at departure and destination points including tenement blocks, transport hubs, public buildings and shopping centres, and the carriage of bicycles on public transport. ”

” We will continue to support our existing programme and in addition will:

    • Support local awareness campaigns highlighting the benefits of cycling targeted at school
    children, timed to maximise benefits of the school terms;
    • Work with Cycling Scotland to explore the possibility of all schools running cycle training in
    playgrounds (where possible) for every child under 10 and on road training for every child over
    • Encourage all public bodies to meet Cycling Scotland’s criteria to become a Cycle Friendly
    Employer by 2008;
    • Support Sustrans to enable it to complete the National Cycle Network in Scotland and to
    promote the full network on the VisitScotland website;
    • Fund Cycling Scotland to develop and manage Scotland’s Bike It Week programme; and
    • Encourage local authorities to undertake street audits to promote walking for shorter journeys. “

” Our Key Commitments (selected list)

    • Develop travel awareness and marketing campaigns to promote SMART measures on all journeys, focusing especially on the commute to work.
    • Support Sustrans to complete the National Cycle Network.
    • Explore with key partners sustainable travel demonstration towns across Scotland to reduce car
    use and promote cycling and walking. “

3 Responses to “Scotland’s National Transport Strategy Published”

  1. […] The Scottish Executive even has a Sustainable Transport Team “within the Scottish Government itself, … bringing together for the first time, policy on cycling and walking with our wider sustainable transport agenda”. (Extract from last year’s National Transport Strategy) […]

  2. […] across Scotland to reduce car use and promote cycling and walking”. This was first outlined in Scotland’s National Transport Strategy published in December 2006. They will be about travel choices, not just cycling. It’s expected that there will be […]

  3. […] The topic was the subject of a seminar in Edinburgh in December. City of Edinburgh Council was represented – as were various Edinburgh based organisations with an interest in ’sustainable transport’. The ‘Scottish Demo Town’ idea was announced a year before – in the National Transport Strategy. […]

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